Resources for Ethnicity and Crime in United States

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Statistics collected by the United States on crime is done through the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program. The UCR collects arrest data on 28 offenses, as described in their Offense Definition.

Resources to Review:
FBI UCR Program Offense Definition
https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/offense-definitions

Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/

Revision of Race and Ethnicity Categories for UCR Program
https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/hate-crime/2014/resource-pages/methodology_final


Aggregated Data

Persons Arrested
Current link: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/persons-arrested/persons-arrested

The Persons Arrested statistic, collected through the UCR program, counts one arrest for each separate instance where a person is arrested, cited, or summoned for an offense. It is important to note that this data only shows the number of times persons are arrested as reported by law enforcement agencies. Tables that specifically details with race are tables 43, 49, 55, 61, and 67. The statistics are detailed and the ethnicity/race it collects arrest are for: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander. Prior to 2014, the categories for race included these four, and the latest statistics available for Person Arrested is 2012. 

Links to tables:
Table 43: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/tables/43tabledatadecoverviewpdf

Table 49: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/tables/49tabledatadecpdf

Table 55: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/tables/55tabledatadecpdf

Table 61: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/tables/61tabledatadecpdf

Table 67: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2012/crime-in-the-u.s.-2012/tables/67tabledatadecpdf

Hate Crime Statistics
Current link: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/hate-crime/2014

The Hate Crime Statistics falls under the Hate Crime Statistics Act, where the Attorney General acquire data each year about crimes that manifest because of prejudice based on race, gender and gender identity, religion, etc. The hate crime statistics is data collected regarding criminal offenses that were motivated by the offender’s bias against race, gender, disability, ethnicity, etc. The data for this survey include data for both offenders and victims.

Current link to tables: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/hate-crime/2014/resource-pages/tablesbytitle_final

Law Enforcement Officers Killed & Assaulted
Current link: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/leoka/2014/home

The Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted is data on officers feloniously or accidentally killed and officers that were assaulted while performing their duties. The current data collected related to race include race and sex, and race, age group, and sex. This survey is collected annually, and the most recent data available is for 2014.

Current links to tables for:

Law Enforcement Officers Feloniously Killed:
Table 12: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/leoka/2014/tables/table_12_leos_fk_race_and_sex_of_victim_officer_2005-2014.xls

Table 13: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/leoka/2014/tables/table_13_leos_fk_age_group_of_victim_officer_by_race_and_sex_2014.xls

Law Enforcement Officers Accidentally Killed
Table 63: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/leoka/2014/tables/table_63_leos_ak_race_and_sex_of_victim_officer_2005-2014.xls

Table 64: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/leoka/2014/tables/table_64_leos_ak_age_group_of_victim_officer_by_race_and_sex_2014.xls


Microdata Sets for United States

National Crime Victimization Survey Series
Main Survey: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=dcdetail&iid=245

The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series is conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The survey was designed to develop detailed information about victims and consequences of crime, and to obtain the number and types of crimes not reported to police. The survey interviewed all persons 12 years of age and older. The most recent survey available is the 2014 survey.

National Crime Victimization Survey, 2014 (ICPSR 36142). Microdata retrieved from National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD).
The microdata sets are available in the following Dropbox.

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Series
Main Survey: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr-program-data-collections

The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is based on the UCR program, administered by the FBI. This survey is based on the information submitted by participating law enforcement agencies. The survey contains detailed microdata on aspects of crime incidents, administrative, arrests, offenses, victims and offenders. The microdata segments included in this guide are for the victim, offender, and arrestee.

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2014 (ICPSR 36398). Microdata retrieved from National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD).
The microdata sets are available in the following Dropbox.

Annual Survey of Jails Data Series
Main Survey: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=dcdetail&iid=261

The Annual Survey of Jails Data Series (ASJ) is the only data that tries to provide annual statistic on local jails and jail inmates. The series is conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, with data collected by the Bureau of the Census.

Annual Survey of Jails, 2014 (ICPSR 36274). Microdata retrieved from National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD).
The microdata sets are available in the following Dropbox.

 

The Dropbox contains the following documents for each microdata set: Raw Data, Codebook, Setup file, and a Readable SPSS file.